Having taken a complete course in Personality Theories way back in college, i must admit that the lessons i had before has not totally submerged to my thinking not until i discovered the signs and symptoms of every personality disorder to persons i dealt with at work, home and community.


 


Currently, there are 10 distinct personality disorders identified in the DSM-IV .  It is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorders and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association.




Below are the signs of specific disorder. Although, the signs may overlap or maybe visible with each other, each disorder may also have different and various forms of manifestations.





  • Antisocial Personality DisorderLack of regard for the moral or legal standards in the local culture, marked inability to get along with others or abide by societal rules.  Sometimes called psychopaths or sociopaths.




  • Avoidant Personality DisorderMarked social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and extremely sensitive to criticism.




  • Borderline Personality DisorderLack of one's own identity, with rapid changes in mood, intense unstable interpersonal relationships, marked impulsively, instability in affect and in self image.




  • Dependent Personality DisorderExtreme need of other people, to a point where the person is unable to make any decisions or take an independent stand on his or her own. Fear of separation and submissive behavior. Marked lack of decisiveness and self-confidence.




  • Histrionic Personality DisorderExaggerated and often inappropriate displays of emotional reactions, approaching theatricality, in everyday behavior. Sudden and rapidly shifting emotion expressions.




  • Narcissistic Personality DisorderBehavior or a fantasy of grandiosity, a lack of empathy, a need to be admired by others, an inability to see the viewpoints of others, and hypersensitive to the opinions of others.




  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality DisorderCharacterized by perfectionism and inflexibility; preoccupation with uncontrollable patterns of thought and action.




  • Paranoid Personality DisorderMarked distrust of others, including the belief, without reason, that others are exploiting, harming, or trying to deceive him or her; lack of trust; belief of others' betrayal; belief in hidden meanings; unforgiving and grudge holding.




  • Schizoid Personality DisorderPrimarily characterized by a very limited range of emotion, both in expression of and experiencing; indifferent to social relationships.




  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder:   Peculiarities of thinking, odd beliefs, and eccentricities of appearance,  behavior, interpersonal style, and thought (e.g., belief in psychic phenomena and having magical powers).





According to Dr. Sam Vaknin, individuals with personality disorders have many things in common (see The Interrelationship Between Personality Disorders):





  • Self-centeredness that manifests itself through a me-first, self-preoccupied attitude




  • Lack of individual accountability that results in a victim mentality and blaming others, society and the universe for their problems




  • Lack of perspective-taking and empathy




  • Manipulative and exploitative behavior




  • Unhappiness , suffering from depression and other mood and anxiety disorders




  • Vulnerability to other mental disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive tendencies and panic attacks




  • Distorted or superficial understanding of self and others' perceptions, being unable to see his or her objectionable, unacceptable, disagreeable, or self-destructive behaviors or the issues that may have contributed to the personality disorder




  • Socially maladaptive, changing the rules of the game, introducing new variables, or otherwise influencing the external world to conform to their own needs




  • No hallucinations, delusions or thought disorders (except for the brief psychotic episodes of Borderline Personality Disorder)





To heal, individuals must first have the desire to change in order to break through that enduring pattern of a personality disorder.  Individuals need to want to gain insight into and face their inner experience and behavior.  (These issues may concern severe or repeated trauma during childhood, such as abuse.)


 


This involves changing their thinking--about themselves, their relationships, and the world.  This also involves changing their behavior, for that which is not acted upon is not learned.


 


Then, with a support system (e.g., therapy, self-help groups, friends, family, medication), they can free themselves from their imprisoned life.


 


 


But based on my own theray, it is easier said than done!Ha ha ha (umaandar na naman sakit ko!)


 


 



2 comments:

  1. Aruy! 2 ata ang disorder ko. ...... Pero di ko sasabihin.....lol

    Very informative post. Keep it up :)

    ReplyDelete
  2. sabihin mo na skin marse para matulungan kita papasok sa mental..hihihihii

    share mo! i'll give you possibel first hand therapy! swear!

    ReplyDelete

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